With the inauguration of President Donald J. Trump, Manhattan Institute presents policy ideas for the new administration on some of the most crucial issues facing America today. Check out our Issues 2016 page for even more policy prescriptions from MI scholars throughout election season.
Obamacare has made America’s $3.2 trillion health-care system more costly and bureaucratic, while still leaving many millions of Americans uninsured. To lower costs and improve care, a healthy dose of competition and deregulation is urgently needed. Here are four steps that Congress and the new Trump administration can take:
- Repeal Obamacare and transition to catastrophic health-insurance plans linked to expanded Health Savings Accounts
- Enact per-capita Medicaid spending caps
- Create a new conditional-approval framework at the FDA
- Encourage outcomes-based payments
Thanks to the dramatic increase in domestic oil and natural gas production, the United States should pivot away from a goal of “energy independence” and instead flex its market power to reset the geopolitical status quo in energy. And, for the long-term future, finding alternatives to today’s necessary dependence on hydrocarbons requires abandoning failed research approaches. To advance these goals, Congress and the new Trump administration should:
- Radically expand energy exports
- Restructure federal energy R&D
There are many things to like about President Trump’s plan to encourage the private provision of infrastructure. Private firms have incentives to keep costs down. If the costs need to be covered by tolls and ticket fees, no one would build bridges to nowhere or empty monorails. If investors reap returns only over time, they have the right incentives to invest in maintenance.
But private provision is no panacea. In some cases, such as airports, privatization can be swift and relatively painless. Yet generous tax credits for privately built infrastruture—as proposed by Wilbur Ross, Mr. Trump’s nominee for secretary of commerce—leave real potential for abuse: when the users don’t need to cover costs, it is far easier to waste billions on unwise projects. Better to make tax credits dependent on project performance, as measured by property-value increases.
Unfortunately, privatization is unlikely to be the right recipe for America’s most important infrastructure investments: maintaining its existing stock. A better approach would have the federal government monitor infrastructure quality and tie federal support to maintenance.
- The Easy: Airports and New Technologies
- The Hard: Getting Subsidies Right
- The Impossible: Private Maintenance of Existing Infrastructure
It’s time for a fresh look at U.S. energy and environmental policy. An agenda that maximizes the potential of America’s natural resources while striking a better balance between industry and environmental protection could unleash substantial economic growth and job creation at no cost to taxpayers. Here are four steps that Congress and the new Trump administration can take:
- Expedite permitting processes for energy infrastructure by establishing fixed timelines, assigning a single agency responsible for coordination, and deeming pipelines and export terminals as “in the national interest”
- Open more public lands and waters to natural-resource development and create a settled, reliable framework that encourages private investment
- Suspend New Source Performance Standards under the Clean Air Act, allowing industrial facilities to be built and expanded under the same standards that already apply to existing facilities
- Refocus climate policy away from wind and solar, toward more effective existing technologies and the development of new ones
With the Higher Education Act (HEA) overdue for reauthorization, reforming U.S. higher education will be on the agenda in 2017. The Trump administration should use this opportunity to zero in on some of the most urgent challenges, including the student loan repayment crisis; the lack of information on college quality; the financial aid system’s burdensome complexity; and misguided efforts to reintroduce private lenders into federal lending and incentivize public service. Here are five steps that Congress and the new administration can take:
- Adopt a single, income-driven repayment plan for federal student loans
- Repeal the ban on a unit-record data system
- Simplify federal financial aid
- Bring market discipline into student lending in an innovative way
- Eliminate loan forgiveness for public service
To jump-start economic growth and increase employment, the incoming Trump administration and GOP-led Congress should make reforming America’s legal system a priority. In particular, they should move to curb lawsuit abuse, to reduce the regulatory threat placed on innocent businesses and individuals through the federal criminal law, and to fix shareholder voting to prevent special interests from foisting political agendas on companies outside the legislative process. Each of these reforms can be achieved in part without legislation, by reversing Obama-era administrative agency actions, though more lasting change would require congressional action.
- Curb lawsuit abuse
- Reduce federal overcriminalization
- Eliminate politics in shareholder voting
The U.S. corporate tax rate, 35%, is the highest in the industrialized world, and the gap between American and foreign rates is widening, as foreign countries are lowering their rates. This high corporate tax discourages investment and economic growth. Most nations employ a territorial system, which taxes only their corporations’ domestic earnings. The U.S., however, taxes its corporations on their worldwide earnings. This puts U.S. companies at a competitive disadvantage and introduces far-reaching economic distortions.
In order to increase international competitiveness and economic growth, the new Congress and the incoming administration need to:
- Lower the corporate tax rate
- Move to a territorial tax system
U.S. energy policy needs a rethink. More specifically, it’s time to emphasize nuclear power and de-emphasize government mandates and high-cost, inefficient subsidies to other energy sources. Here are three steps that Congress and the new Trump administration can take:
- Expand and enhance America’s nuclear-energy sector
- Repeal the Renewable Fuel Standard
- Repeal the tax credit for electric vehicles
The United States has long been in the middle of the pack among developed nations in K–12 education. In 2015, scores on America’s National Assessment of Education Progress—a nationwide report card of student achievement—fell nearly across the board for the first time in decades. And in 2016, U.S. high school math performance on an important international indicator, the OECD’s cross-country PISA exam, declined precipitously, to 39th place out of 70.
This poor performance has occurred despite, or perhaps because of, the growing federal role in public schools. Incoming President Trump has promised to restore—and respect—state and local control of education. To accomplish this turnaround, here are two steps that Congress and the new administration can take:
- Limit federal authority
- Encourage school choice
After a bruising election season and historic turn of events, Donald J. Trump was elected the 45th President of the United States. Manhattan Institute scholars weigh in on the election's key issues ahead of the next administration, bringing policy back into focus in a special post-election series.
Health Care and Medical Innovation — Paul Howard
Bipartisan reforms can be enacted by Congress to supercharge medical innovation and deliver better cures to patients faster than ever before.
Read more about Paul Howard's latest book, Unlocking Precision Medicine.
Simplifying Federal Student Aid — Beth Akers
Washington must make it easier for students to navigate the financial aid system and help low-income students gain access to higher education.
Read more about MI senior fellow, Beth Akers.
Minimum Wage Alternative — Oren Cass
Wage subsidies, using money from existing anti-poverty programs, would help low-wage workers without raising total spending.
Read more about MI senior fellow, Oren Cass.
Crime and Policing — Heather Mac Donald
In addition to supporting cops and telling the truth about policing, our leaders must tackle the true root cause of high-levels of crime: breakdown of the family.
Read more about Heather Mac Donald's latest book, The War On Cops
Overcriminalization — James R. Copland
Both parties in Washington need to come together to address the size and complexity of the federal criminal code, in addition to enacting a standard that requires criminal intent.
Read more about MI's project on Overcriminalization.